Traditionally used for transport of goods across states and countries, shipping containers are now making a name for themselves on firm ground and being used for more than just storage and haulage. We’ve created a comprehensive guide to everything you might want to know and everything you need to know about shipping containers. Read on to find out about shipping containers, used, sizes, maintenance, and getting your hands on one for your next project.
What are Shipping Containers
Believe it or not, shipping containers are a fairly new method of transportation of goods, only dating back about 50 years. The use of shipping containers first sprung up in 1956, when an American trucking entrepreneur, Malcolm McLean, sent trailer vans on a refitted tank ship from New Jersey to Texas.
Before shipping containers came into official use, goods were stored in warehouses at the shipping docks until a ship became available. Goods were then taken from here onto the ships, individually and stored in their crates and bags. Clearly this was quite an inefficient process, taking a long time, requiring plenty of manpower to transfer goods on board, and risky for the goods themselves as they were exposed and easily damaged. This also meant that thousands of goods would also need to be accounted for at both ends of the process, meaning the unloading process could take up to a week.
In addition to this, if the goods needed transfer to a train, it would take even longer to unload from the ship, transport to the train station, and once again risk damage, theft, or loss to the goods.
McLean, already in the trucking business, was looking for an easier way to transport goods, and so the shipping container was born. Strong, standardised, stable, secure, and stackable. McLean then bought an oil tanker, modified it, and had it loaded with the containers. Shipping containers were keenly and quickly adopted, with orders flowing in before the first ship landed at its destination. And so, they say, the rest is history!
Types of Containers for Sale
There are a few types of shipping containers which you can buy, your choice of container will depend on what you might want to use it for.
New shipping containers
These containers are almost new and they’ve only been used once to ship goods into Australia. They may have a scratch or a scuff here and there on the outside but are otherwise in new condition. These are perfect if you’re looking for a shipping container to use as a home or office with a new type of feel.
Used shipping containers
Used shipping containers have character. They’ve been around the block (or world, should we say), a few times. Your second-hand shipping container will be around 10 years old, with some in better condition than others, and graded as such. These are perfect if you’re after a weathered or character feel to your project. Think beach-side container bar or rustic outdoor shed. Inside, your container will look just fine, but they may have a few dents, scratches, rust, and faded paint on the exterior.
What makes a refurbished shipping container? This is a used container, fixed up with a fresh coat of paint and some minor repairs made to spruce it up. The floor is sanded back inside, and a fresh coat of paint applied inside too. This is a mid-range option if you’re not sure if you want a new container or an older one.
Different Container Sizes
Shipping containers come in a variety of sizes, and the size you choose will of course once again depend on what you intend to use your container for.
10ft shipping containers
The ‘mini’ of the shipping container world. These are actually custom-made, cut from a larger container and modified with a door or panel at the cut end. Use a 10ft container for robust storage or as a shed. These are very easily transported too, and can even be used for fishing trips or camping.
20ft shipping containers
These are a standard size shipping container. Use these for shipping, storage or for modification such as building homes, offices, pop up cafes, and outdoor areas. These are also available in a standard or larger height, perfect for creating a feel of spaciousness inside.
40ft shipping containers
These bigger containers are perfect for use as accommodation when modified, for residential applications, commercial or industrial. They are also used for dangerous goods storage in specific industries.
You can get your shipping container custom-cut to a preferred size. You can also get refrigerated shipping containers, operating or non-operational. “Reefers”, as they are commonly called, are great for external storage of perishable goods or where temperature regulation is important.
What are the Common Uses of Shipping Containers?
Shipping containers post-transport life are generally used as extra storage spaces, easily modified with doors, windows, and locks for additional lighting and security. Leak-proof and sturdy, they are perfect for external use in any situation.
Shipping containers are also commonly used as sheds, granny flats, and workshops. A shipping container pool even featured on The Block most recently, spiking more interest in the eco-friendly community. However, there is much movement in the architectural world right now towards design with shipping containers and using them as a sustainable and recycled material.
New Ways Containers are Used
Shipping containers are increasing in popularity across many areas of use. Here are just a few ideas where shipping containers can be modified to create:
- Pools – Shipping containers are completely watertight
- Portable schools
- Cafes and pop-up restaurants
- Office designs
- Pop-up stores
- Stacked apartments
- Emergency hospitals
- Portable toilet facilities
- Disaster pods
- Gazebos and outdoor patios
- Animal transportation
- Storage of small vehicles, motorcycles, quad bikes and bicycles
- Generator storage
Small homes are rising in popularity in some Westernised countries, saving on space and expenses, whilst simplifying lifestyle and using less resources to live. Eco-friendly living is on the rise internationally and in Australia. The flooring of each shipping container can be modified to suit, windows and doors added, air-conditioning, plumbing and bathrooms installed as needed.
Smart Things to Consider Before You Buy Your Shipping Container
Your shipping container will have been used at least once before, therefore it’s likely it will have some form of imperfection on it. But of course, these can be fixed easily by a good shipping container supplier. Some issues you may want to watch out for include:
- Faded paint
- Dents to the exterior
- Damaged floors
- Sticky doors
- Cargo residue
- Structural faults
- Door seals
A thorough examination by ContainerSpace will test all seals and ensure water tightness and that the container is fully weatherproof. Our qualified inspectors can issue Seaworthy Certificates and are IICL and AQIS qualified. We can perform simple patch-ups where needed or even full makeovers to your chosen shipping container.
Taking Your Shipping Container Home
Buying a shipping container is a fairly simple process; however, modification and transport of this container need to be planned carefully. Some things to consider once you decide on a shipping container include how you will transport it, and the legal requirements associated with your project.
Transporting Shipping Containers
You can have your shipping container delivered to its new home. However, if you plan to transport it via train or ship you will need a CSC certificate which can be provided after inspection by qualified professionals at ContainerSpace.
When transporting your container, you’ll need to consider:
- Insuring the container
- Access to your site
- Transport company
- Legal requirements
- New location practicalities
Your shipping container can be placed on the back of a specialised truck and driven to its new home. This will either be a tilt-tray, semi-trailer, Hiab (crane-mounted) truck, or side-loader – depending on the size of your shipping container and where it’s being delivered to.
At the new site, you may be able to simply slide the container off the back of a tilt-tray, or otherwise, you’ll need a forklift or crane depending on the logistics to shift it to its new permanent location. Consider the access you’ll have here, and if you can simply drive it in, or if it will need to be lifted in.
Make sure to advise the transport company about site access, and prepare your site in readiness for delivery of the container. Ensure the ground is level as the uneven ground may impede on opening and closing the container doors.
Also, consider drainage and ventilation underneath as this will prolong the life of your container. We suggest either preparing a bed of gravel for the container to sit on or keep it raised on chocks (such as bricks or sleepers) allowing air to flow underneath. Inserting a whirlybird or vent will help with condensation.
Long-Term Maintenance of Container Structures
To ensure the longevity of your shipping container it’s important to maintain its condition. Shipping containers are built to withstand the toughest of conditions, and thus have not changed in design and build since they were first used as their make is perfect for toughness. To maintain your container:
- Ensure the container has ventilation inside and outside – Have air vents installed, and ensure adequate drainage around the base to discourage rust
- Store on a firm and flat surface to avoid warping of the surfaces
- Avoid overloading the container, know its limits
- Become familiar with container use best-practises
- Inspect and repair any dents in the roof as they occur in order to avoid water pooling and rust and corrosion happening
- Find and destroy rusty areas when you find them, as early as possible to avoid it becoming worse
- Clean and lubricate doors regularly
- Check around modified areas, clean away any dirt, grime, water, or debris
- If you have a refrigerated container ensure to have this serviced regularly by a qualified technician
Whatever you intend to use your container for, ensure you arm yourself with knowledge about your new purchase. Knowing how to transport and maintain your shipping container will ensure it stays in good condition for many years to come.
We can help you get your shipping container project off the ground. Get in touch with us today to speak to one of our experts and discuss creative possibilities and other questions you may have about shipping containers.